Franklin barnes wikipedia

Franklin barnes wikipedia DEFAULT

Franklin O. Barnes

Franklin O. Barnes.pngMember of the
Massachusetts House of Representatives[1]
26th Middlesex DistrictIn office
1889–1890Member of the
Massachusetts House of Representatives[1]
26th Middlesex DistrictIn office
1895–1897Member of the
Chelsea, Massachusetts[1]
School CommitteePresident of the
Chelsea, Massachusetts[1]
Common CouncilIn office
1875–1876Member of the
Chelsea, Massachusetts[1]
Common CouncilIn office
1875–1876Member of the
Chelsea, Massachusetts[1]
Common CouncilIn office
1870–1871Personal detailsBornNovember 14, 1841[2]
Chelsea, Massachusetts[1]DiedDecember 18, 1900(1900-12-18) (aged 59)
Chelsea, MassachusettsPolitical partyRepublican[2]ProfessionLawyer[2]Military serviceAllegiance United States of AmericaBranch/serviceUnited States NavyYears of serviceAugust 16, 1862 - July 30, 1863[2]RankCorporal[2]CommandsCompany H
43rd Regiment Massachusetts Volunteer Infantry[2]Battles/warsAmerican Civil War

Ben Barnes (politician)

American politician

Ben Barnes

Ben Barnes (48996884291).jpg

Barnes in 2019

In office
January 21, 1969 – January 16, 1973
GovernorPreston Smith
Preceded byPreston Smith
Succeeded byWilliam P. Hobby, Jr.
In office
January 12, 1965 – January 14, 1969
Preceded byByron M. Tunnell
Succeeded byGus F. Mutscher
In office
January 8, 1963 – January 14, 1969
Preceded byO.H. Schram
Succeeded byLynn Nabers
In office
January 10, 1961 – January 8, 1963
Preceded byBen Sudderth
Succeeded byRichard C. Slack

Benny Frank Barnes

(1938-04-17) April 17, 1938 (age 83)
Gorman, Texas, U.S.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)(1) Divorced from the former Martha Morgan
(2) Nancy DeGraffenried
(3) Melanie Barnes
(4) Liz McDermott
ChildrenFrom first marriage:
Greg Barnes
Amy Barnes
Adopted in third marriage:
Elena Barnes
Blaire Barnes
ResidenceAustin, Texas, U.S.
Alma materUniversity of Texas at Austin
ProfessionReal estateinvestor, Politician, crisis manager

Benny Frank Barnes (born April 17, 1938) is an American real estatemagnate, politician, and crisis manager, who formerly served as Speaker of the Texas House of Representatives from 1965 to 1969 and the 36th Lieutenant Governor of Texas from January 21, 1969 to January 16, 1973, for two two-year terms. He was a vice-chair[1] and top fund-raiser of John Kerry's presidential campaign. Barnes was one of only eight persons who raised over $500,000 for Kerry.[2]

Early life and education[edit]

Barnes was born on April 17, 1938, in Gorman in Eastland County, Texas, to peanut farmer B.F. Barnes and Ina B. Carrigan. He was raised with a younger brother, Rick.[3]

Barnes' family owned a peanut farm in Comanche County, in central Texas. They cultivated about 40 acres, growing peanuts and corn and raising hogs and chickens. The family was poor, having no working electricity until 1946, when government agents brought electricity to Texas farms as a result of President Franklin D. Roosevelt's Rural Electrification Administration.[4]

Barnes graduated from De Leon High School in 1956. After high school, Barnes enrolled for one semester at Texas Christian University in Fort Worth, followed by a semester at Tarleton College (now Tarleton State University) in Stephenville, Texas. During that spring, he married his high school sweetheart, Martha Morgan. He then spent the following summer in Climax, Colorado, working at the molybdenum mine there.[5]

In 1957, at the age of 20, Barnes began studying at the University of Texas at Austin, where he was on the Dean's List for the Business School. Barnes took several jobs to pay his way through college, including a door-to-door job selling Electrolux vacuum cleaners.[6]

Political career[edit]

Texas House[edit]

While a student at The University of Texas, Barnes worked at the Texas State Health Department. After discovering some financial irregularities that led to the indictment of the state health commissioner, Barnes became interested in politics. At the age of 21, Barnes went back to his home area of the state and ran for state representative, pulling off an upset victory. Advancing quickly through the Texas legislature, by 1963, Barnes was chairman of the powerful Rules Committee. In 1965, the Texas Junior Chamber of Commerce named Barnes as one of "Five Outstanding Young Texans" and the U.S. Chamber of Commerce recognized Barnes as one of the "Ten Outstanding Young Men in America" in 1970.

Speaker of the Texas House[edit]

In the lead up to 1965, Barnes began accumulating pledges of support from colleagues to succeed Byron Tunnell if the Speaker decided not to seek a third term in 1967. He didn’t have to wait that long. Just before the 1965 session, a vacancy occurred on the Railroad Commission and John Connally came up with the clever idea of appointing Byron Tunnell, who was only a lukewarm supporter of Connally’s activist legislative program, to fill the seat. Barnes had advance notice of the maneuver, so when Connally announced Tunnell’s appointment, Barnes had already set up a war room in the Driskill Hotel. He started calling members to make good the pledges he had collected. Potential rivals never had a chance.[7]

With the governor and the business lobby and all but a handful of House members behind him, Barnes was an instant powerhouse. The press latched on to the story of the young man with a limitless future. The headlines tell the tale: “Ben Barnes—Man Going Places,” “Boy Wonder of Texas Politics,” “Big Crowd Hears LBJ Predict White House for Ben Barnes.”[8]

During his speakership, Barnes placed a high priority on the state's colleges and universities, with financial support for these institutions rising by 300 percent. Furthermore, he helped establish the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board. Under Barnes, salaries increased for university professors, the University of Houston merged with the state university system, and Angelo State College and Pan American College turned into four-year institutions.

Furthermore, Barnes won passage of a minimum wage standard for farm workers, played a key role in winning approval for clean air and water legislation, and successfully fought for a bill creating the Texas Rehabilitation Commission. The political future seemed limitless for Barnes, who enjoyed the support of Connally and President Lyndon Johnson who, after leaving the White House, predicted that his young protégé would one day claim the presidency.[9]

In 1966, Barnes was the President of the National Legislative Conference and in 1967, was voted President of the Southern Legislative Conference – the youngest person and first Texan to receive the honor. He was also U.S. representative to the NATO Conference in 1967, and the United Nations Representative to Geneva, Switzerland, in 1968.

Lieutenant Governor[edit]

In his 1968 race for Lieutenant Governor, Barnes carried all 254 counties in both the primary and the general elections; in the latter he won more votes than any candidate had polled up to that time in the history of Texas.[10]

Barnes served as Lieutenant Governor of Texas from 1969-1973, a post often called the most powerful position in the Texas state government because the lieutenant governor can block a governor's agenda from being considered by the Texas State Senate. As lieutenant governor, he successfully backed an increase in the minimum wage, legislation in the area of mass transportion, and legislation creating the Texas Rehabilitation Commission. Throughout his four terms in the two offices, Barnes also was interested in the issue of higher education. During that time, Texas increased its appropriations for higher education more than threefold, rising to near the top in its ranking among the 50 states in expenditures for higher education. Several new universities and graduate schools originated as a result of increased appropriations.[11]

Sharpstown scandal[edit]

In 1971, Barnes was caught up along with the Democratic Party in Texas in the political fallout of the Sharpstown scandal, though he stated he had no knowledge of the involvement of several state senators in the scheme. While he was not brought to trial, the scandal contributed to an unsuccessful run for governor and Barnes' exit from public office.[citation needed]

Real estate career[edit]

During the 1970s and 1980s, Barnes developed a multimillion-dollar real estate empire which included the development of such projects as Southwest Parkway and Barton Creek Country Club in Austin.[12] The collapse of oil prices in the mid- to late- 1980s and its effect on the Texas real estate market forced Barnes to file for bankruptcy, following the financial collapse of the Barnes/Connally Partnership, a real estate firm.

Lobbying and business career[edit]

In the late 1990s, Barnes began working with GTECH Corporation, a company that operated lotteries in 37 states including Texas.

Barnes is the founder of the Ben Barnes Group (formerly known as Entrecorp), a business consulting and real estate development firm offering expertise in crisis management, legislative processes and strategy, legal issues, and public-private partnerships. Clients range from major Fortune 500 companies to small family-owned businesses, as from a variety of both international and domestic industries. The Ben Barnes Group maintains offices in Washington, D.C., New York City, and Austin, Texas. He is noted for his success and insider relations in Washington D.C. and Austin, Texas,“Every Democratic senator who is running for reelection has been to Texas for a fundraiser,” he told me. “We’ve got one coming up for Tim Johnson [of South Dakota].”.[13]

Barnes has also served as a consultant, director, or chairman of more than two dozen companies, including SBC Communications, American Airlines, Dallas Bank and Trust, Grumman Systems Support Corporation, and Laredo National Bank.

Personal life[edit]

Barnes was married to Martha Morgan in 1957, and they had two children together: Greg and Amy. In 1989, Barnes married Melanie Harper. Barnes and Harper adopted two daughters: Elena Barnes and Blaire Barnes. On September 14, 2019, Ben Barnes and Elizabeth Moore McDermott married at St. Paul's Episcopal Church in Nantucket.

Awards and volunteering[edit]

In 1995, The University of Texas named him a Distinguished Alumnus and an endowed fellowship was created in his name at UT's Lyndon B. Johnson School of Public Affairs.

Barnes serves on the board of several non-profit organizations, including the Boys & Girls Club of the Austin Area, the Roosevelt Institute and the Development Board of the University of Texas. Barnes also serves as Vice-Chairman of the LBJ Foundation.


Barnes is the author of the book Barn Burning Barn Building: Tales of a Political Life, From LBJ to George W. Bush and Beyond (ISBN 1-931721-71-8) (with Lisa Dickey), which was first published in 2006. It went on to place on The New York Times Best Seller list.


External links[edit]

  1. Bonners ferry directions
  2. Poe alteration farming
  3. Mustang nozzles

J. Franklin Barnes

American physician and politician

J. Franklin Barnes (1900)

James Franklin Barnes (June 2, 1852, Bellona, New York – October 28, 1914, Watkins Glen, New York)[1] was an American physician and politician from New York.


He was born on June 2, 1852.[2] He studied medicine at Bellevue Hospital from 1872 to 1875.[3] Afterwards he practiced medicine in Watkins, Schuyler County, New York.

Barnes was Supervisor of the Town of Dix in 1883; and a member of the New York State Assembly (Schuyler Co.) in 1884.

In 1894, he was appointed as Secretary to the State Board of Health.[4]

In November 1895, he ran in the 40th District for the New York State Senate, but was defeated by Republican Edwin C. Stewart.[5] In November 1898, he ran again for the State Senate, but was defeated by Republican Charles T. Willis.

Barnes was again a member of the State Assembly in 1900; and was Minority Leader.[6]



Barnes Foundation

Art Museum, Horticulture in Pennsylvania, United States

Barnes Philly 1.JPG

The Barnes Foundation building on Franklin Parkway in Philadelphia, 2012

Barnes Foundation is located in Philadelphia
Barnes Foundation

Location of the Barnes Foundation in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

Location2025 Benjamin Franklin Parkway
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States
Coordinates39°57′38″N75°10′22″W / 39.9605°N 75.1727°W / 39.9605; -75.1727
TypeArt Museum, Horticulture
Key holdingsToward Mont Sainte-Victoire (Cézanne), Portrait of the Postman Joseph Roulin (Van Gogh), Le Bonheur de Vivre (Matisse)
CollectionsImpressionism, Post-Impressionism, Early Modern
Visitors240,000 (2015)[1]
DirectorThomas Collins[2]
Public transit accessBus transportSEPTA.svgSEPTA bus: 7, 32, 33, 38, 48, 49
Bus transportPhilly PHLASH

TheBarnes Foundation is an art collection and educational institution promoting the appreciation of art and horticulture. Originally in Merion, the art collection moved in 2012 to a new building on Benjamin Franklin Parkway in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The arboretum of the Barnes Foundation remains in Merion, where it has been proposed to be maintained under a long-term educational affiliation agreement with Saint Joseph's University.[3]

The Barnes was founded in 1922 by Albert C. Barnes, who made his fortune by co-developing Argyrol, an antiseptic silver compound that was used to combat gonorrhea and inflammations of the eye, ear, nose, and throat. He sold his business, the A.C. Barnes Company, just months before the stock market crash of 1929.

Today, the foundation owns more than 4,000 objects, including over 900 paintings, estimated to be worth about $25 billion.[4] These are primarily works by Impressionist, Post-Impressionist, and Modernist masters, but the collection also includes many other paintings by leading European and American artists, as well as African art, antiquities from China, Egypt, and Greece, and Native American art.[5]

In the 1990s, the Foundation's declining finances led its leaders to various controversial moves, including sending artworks on a world tour and proposing to move the collection to Philadelphia. After numerous court challenges, the new Barnes building opened on Benjamin Franklin Parkway on May 19, 2012.[6] The foundation's current president and executive director, Thomas “Thom” Collins, was appointed on January 7, 2015.


Albert C. Barnes[edit]

Original building in Merion

Albert C. Barnes began collecting art as early as 1902, but became a serious collector in 1912. He was assisted at first by painter William Glackens, an old schoolmate from Central High School in Philadelphia. On an art buying trip to Paris, France, Barnes visited the home of Gertrude and Leo Stein where he purchased his first two paintings by Henri Matisse.[7] In the 1920s, Barnes became acquainted with the work of other modern artists such as Pablo Picasso, Amedeo Modigliani and Giorgio de Chirico through his Paris art dealer Paul Guillaume.

On December 4, 1922, Barnes received a charter from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania establishing the Barnes Foundation as an educational institution dedicated to promoting the appreciation of fine art and arboriculture. He purchased property in Merion from the American Civil War veteran and horticulturist Captain Joseph Lapsley Wilson, who had established an arboretum there in around 1880. He commissioned architect Paul Philippe Cret to design a complex of buildings, including a gallery, an administration building, and a service building.[8] The Barnes Foundation officially opened on March 19, 1925.[7]

The main building features several unusual Cubistbas-reliefs commissioned by Barnes from the sculptor Jacques Lipchitz. Elements of African art decorate the exterior wrought iron and the tile work created by the Enfield Pottery and Tile Works on the front portico of the building. Barnes built his home next to the gallery, which now serves as the administration building of the Foundation. His wife, Laura Leggett Barnes, developed the Arboretum of the Barnes Foundation and its horticultural education program in 1940.[9]

Art education programs[edit]

In 1908, Barnes organized his business, the A.C. Barnes Company, as a cooperative, devoting two hours of the work day to seminars for his workers. They read philosophers William James, Georges Santayana, and John Dewey.[10] Barnes also brought some of his art collection into the laboratory for the workers to consider and discuss. This kind of direct experience with art was inspired by the education philosophy of John Dewey and planted the seed that eventually grew into the establishment of the Barnes Foundation. The two met at a Columbia University seminar in 1917 becoming close friends and collaborators spanning more than three decades.[7]

Barnes's conception of his foundation as a school rather than a typical museum was shaped through his collaboration with John Dewey (1859–1952). Like Dewey, Barnes believed that learning should be experiential.[11] The Foundation classes included experiencing original art works, participating in class discussion, reading about philosophy and the traditions of art, as well as looking objectively at the artists' use of light, line, color, and space. Barnes believed that students would not only learn about art from these experiences but that they would also develop their own critical thinking skills enabling them to become more productive members of a democratic society.[12]

The early education programs at the Barnes Foundation were taught in partnership with the University of Pennsylvania and Columbia University. The courses at Penn were first taught by Laurence Buermeyer (1889–1970), who held a philosophy PhD from Princeton, and later by Thomas Munro (1897–1974), a philosophy professor and one of Dewey's students.[12] Each served as the Associate Director of Education, while Dewey served in the largely honorary position of Director of Education.[12]

Another collaborator was Violette de Mazia (1896–1988), who was born in Paris and educated in Belgium and England.[13] Originally hired to teach French to the Foundation staff in 1925, de Mazia became a close associate of Barnes, teaching and co-authoring four Foundation publications.[7] After Barnes' death, she became a trustee and the Director of Education of the Art Department, continuing to express Barnes' philosophy in her teaching. The Violette de Mazia Foundation was then established after her death, and in 2011 the Barnes Foundation came to an agreement with them to allow the de Mazia Foundation student access to the collection for art education after its move to the Parkway.[14] In 2015 however, the de Mazia Foundation ceased its operations and was absorbed by the Barnes Foundation.[15]

Barnes created detailed terms of operation in an indenture of trust to be honored in perpetuity after his death. These included limiting public admission to two days a week, so the school could use the art collection primarily for student study, and prohibiting the loan of works in the collection, colored reproductions of its works, touring the collection, and presenting touring exhibitions of other art.[16] Matisse is said to have hailed the school as the only sane place in America to view art.[17]

Post-Barnes era[edit]

After a decade of legal challenges, the public was allowed regular access to the collection in 1961. Public access was expanded to two and a half days a week, with a limit of 500 visitors per week; reservations were required by telephone at least two weeks in advance.[19] Harold J. Weigand, an editor of The Philadelphia Inquirer, with the consent of, but not directly on behalf of, the Pennsylvania Attorney General, had filed an earlier suit for access but been unsuccessful.[20]

Financial crisis[edit]

In 1992, Richard H. Glanton, president of the foundation, said the museum needed extensive repairs to upgrade its mechanical systems, provide for maintenance and preservation of artworks, and improve security. The old Philadelphia firm J.S. Cornell & Son was the contractor of choice. In order to raise the money, Glanton decided to break some terms of the indenture. From 1993 to 1995, 83 of the collection's Impressionist and post-Impressionist paintings were sent on a world tour, attracting large crowds in numerous cities, including Washington, D.C.; Fort Worth, Texas; Paris; Tokyo; Toronto; and Philadelphia at the Philadelphia Museum of Art.[21][22]

The revenue earned from the tour of paintings was still not enough to ensure its endowment. By fall 1998, Glanton and fellow board member Niara Sudarkasa were suing each other. Lincoln University, which according to the Barnes Foundation's indenture, controlled four of the five seats on the board of trustees, began an investigation into the Foundation's finances. The Foundation's board believed that a similar investigation was warranted for activities during Glanton's tenure as president. In 1998 the board of directors began a forensic audit conducted by Deloitte, which was kept private for three years, eventually released, and criticized Glanton's expenses and management.[23]

In 1998, Kimberly Camp was hired as the foundation's CEO and first arts professional to run the Barnes. During her seven-year tenure, she turned the struggling foundation around and provided necessary support to the petition to move the Barnes to Philadelphia.

Proposed move[edit]

On September 24, 2002, the foundation announced that it would petition the Montgomery County Orphans' Court (which oversees its operations) to allow the art collection to be moved to Philadelphia (which offered a site on the Benjamin Franklin Parkway) and to triple the number of trustees to 15. The foundation's indenture of trust stipulates that the paintings in the collection be kept "in exactly the places they are".[22]

The foundation argued that it needed to expand the board of trustees from five (four of which were held by persons appointed by Lincoln University) to 15 to increase fundraising. For the same reason, it needed to move the gallery from Merion to a site in Center City, Philadelphia, which would provide greater public access. In its brief to the court, the foundation said that donors were reluctant to commit continuing financial resources to the Barnes unless the gallery were to become more accessible to the public.[24]

On December 15, 2004, after a two-year legal battle that included an examination of the foundation's financial situation, Judge Stanley Ott ruled that the foundation could move.[24][25] Three charitable foundations, The Pew Charitable Trusts, the Lenfest Foundation and the Annenberg Foundation, had agreed to help the Barnes raise $150 million for a new building and endowment on the condition that the move be approved.[26]

On June 13, 2005, the Foundation's president, Kimberly Camp, announced her resignation, to take effect no later than January 1, 2006. Camp had been appointed in 1998 with the goal of stabilizing and restoring the foundation to its original mission. During her tenure, she began the Collection Assessment Project, the first full-scale effort to catalog and stabilize the artworks; brought in exemplary professional staff; created the fundraising program; restored Ker-feal and the Barnes Arboretum; and worked with the board to approve policies and procedures to make the foundation viable. In 2002, Dr. Bernard C. Watson began the proposal to move the Barnes.[27]

The foundation pledged to reproduce Barnes's artistic arrangement of the artworks and other furniture within the new gallery to maintain the experience as he intended.[28]

Planning the move[edit]

In August 2006, the Barnes Foundation announced that it was beginning a planning analysis for the new gallery. The board selected Derek Gillman (formerly of the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts) as the new director and president.[29] In June 2011, the foundation announced that it had surpassed its $200 million fund-raising goal, of which $150 million would go toward construction of the Philadelphia building and associated costs, and $50 million to the foundation's endowment.[30]

The foundation proceeded with plans to build a new facility in the 2000 block of the Benjamin Franklin Parkway, near the Rodin Museum and the Philadelphia Museum of Art.[31]Tod Williams & Billie Tsien Architects of New York were lead architects of the building project. The building team also consisted of the Philadelphia-based firm, Ballinger, as associate architect; OLIN as landscape architect; and Fisher Marantz Stone as lighting designers. Aegis Property Group served as external project managers, with L. F. Driscoll as construction managers. Project executive Bill McDowell supervised and coordinated the project for the foundation.[32]

Construction for the new building began in fall, 2009 and the building opened in May, 2012. The new galleries were designed to replicate the scale, proportion and configuration of the original galleries in Merion. Reviews have praised the new facility, claiming the additional natural light has improved the viewing experience. The new site contains more space for the foundation's art education program and conservation department, a retail shop, and cafe.[33]

Legal challenges to the move[edit]

After Judge Ott's decision in 2004,[25][34] The Friends of the Barnes Foundation and Montgomery County filed briefs in Montgomery County Orphan's Court to reopen the hearings that allowed the move. They hoped to persuade Ott to reopen the case because of the changed circumstances in the County. On May 15, 2008, Ott published an opinion dismissing the request of both the Friends of the Barnes Foundation and the Montgomery County Commissioners to reopen the case due to lack of standing. Congressman Jim Gerlach strongly supported keeping the Barnes in Merion.[35][36]

On May 20, 2009, Friends of the Barnes Foundation appeared before the Commissioners of the Delaware River Port Authority (DRPA) in Camden, New Jersey, to request that they reconsider their 2003 authorization of a grant of $500,000 toward the plan to move the foundation. They contended there was insufficient evidence of substantial economic benefit to Philadelphia, and that DRPA had not undertaken necessary economic evaluation assessing the impact at both locations. They introduced a study by economist Matityahu Marcus that challenged the claimed benefits.[37] The DRPA said that it would consider the Friends' request but did not change its decision.[38] The history is chronicled in the HBO documentary The Collector.[39]

In late February 2011, The Friends of the Barnes Foundation filed a petition to reopen the case. A new hearing, set for March 18, was postponed until August 3, 2011. The court ordered the foundation and the Attorney General's office, who argued in favor of the move, to explain why the case should not be reopened. The opposition group, Friends of the Barnes Foundation, says The Art of the Steal revealed that Ott did not have all the evidence in 2006, when he approved the art collection's move.[40] On October 6, 2011, Judge Ott ruled that the Friends of the Barnes Foundation had no legal standing and that there was no new information in the movie.[41][42]

After the move[edit]

After the move, the Barnes Foundation retained its ownership of the building in Merion, using it as a storage space. In 2018, Saint Joseph's University took a 30-year lease on the building and its adjoining arboretum at a cost of $100 a year, with Saint Joseph's University undertaking to pay the maintenance and security costs for the property. The lease allows the university to hang its own artworks in the gallery space.[43]


The collection includes:

Other European and American masters in the collection include Peter Paul Rubens, Titian, Paul Gauguin, El Greco, Francisco Goya, Édouard Manet, Jean Hugo, Claude Monet, Maurice Utrillo, William Glackens, Charles Demuth, Roger de La Fresnaye, Horace Pippin, Jules Pascin, and Maurice Prendergast. It also holds a variety of African artworks; ancient Egyptian, Greek, and Roman art; Native American works, American and European furniture, decorative arts and metalwork. The museum also holds several significant works by cubist sculptor Jacques Lipchitz.

The collection displays different types of artworks according to Barnes' methodology in "wall ensembles", often alongside hand-wrought iron, antique furniture, jewelry and sculpture, which allow comparison and study of works from various time periods, geographic areas, and styles.[44][45]

After Barnes met Matisse in the United States, he commissioned The Dance II, a 45-by-15-foot triptych that was placed above Palladian windows in the main gallery space.[46][47]

Notable holdings[edit]

  • Pablo Picasso, 1906, Seated Male Nude (1906)

  • Henri Matisse, Nature morte bleue (Blue Still Life) (1907)

  • Henri Matisse, Still Life with Gourds (Nature morte aux coloquintes) (1916)

Merion Arboretum[edit]

Main article: Arboretum of the Barnes Foundation

The original Barnes Foundation campus in Merion, Pennsylvania, is now a 12-acre arboretum open to the public for tours. The plant collection features favorite plants assembled by Mrs. Barnes for teaching purposes, and includes stewartia, aesculus, phellodendron, clethra, magnolia, viburnums, lilacs, roses, peonies, hostas, medicinal plants, and hardy ferns.[48] A herbarium and horticulture library is available to the Foundation's horticulture students and other scholars by appointment. Classes are offered in horticulture topics for the general public.


  • Glenn Holsten: The Barnes Collection (2012)
  • Jeff Folmsbee: The Collector (2010)
  • Don Argott: The Art of the Steal (2009)
  • Alain Jaubert: Citizen Barnes: An American Dream (1993)

See also[edit]


  1. ^"The Barnes Foundation 2015 Annual Report" (Press release). The Barnes Foundation. Retrieved January 12, 2017.
  2. ^"Thomas "Thom" Collins Named Executive Director and President of the Barnes Foundation" (Press release). Barnes Foundation. January 7, 2015. Retrieved October 4, 2017.
  3. ^"SJU Announces Planned Educational Affiliation with Barnes Foundation". Saint Joseph's University News. November 3, 2017. Retrieved 7 December 2017.[permanent dead link]
  4. ^"Barnes $25 Billion Art Trove, Boardroom Fight Drive Documentary". Bloomberg. February 26, 2010. Retrieved March 12, 2010.
  5. ^"Collection Fact Sheet” in the Philadelphia Opening Press Kit, Barnes Foundation, 2012
  6. ^"Philly Home for Barnes Collection to Open May 19". September 15, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
  7. ^ abcd“Biographical Note,” Presidents Files, Albert C. Barnes Correspondence. The Barnes Foundation Archives, 2012.
  8. ^"Historical Note," Directors of the Arboretum, Joseph Lapsley Wilson, The Barnes Foundation Archives, 2012.
  9. ^"Historical Note," Directors of the Arboretum, Laura Leggett Barnes, The Barnes Foundation Archives, 2012.
  10. ^Laurence Buermeyer, "An Experiment in Education", The Nation 120, 3119 (April 1925): 422–423.
  11. ^John Dewey, Democracy and Education, (New York: The Free Press, 1966), 163.
  12. ^ abc"Historical Note", Early Education Records, The Barnes Foundation Archives, 2012.
  13. ^Mary Ann Meyers, Art, Education, & African-American Culture: Albert Barnes and the Science of Philanthropy (New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers, 2004), 151.
  14. ^"Barnes Foundation and Violette de Mazia Foundation announce joint education agreement", Mainline Media News, 16 November 2011, accessed 5 April 2013.
  15. ^"Barnes, Violette de Mazia Foundations to Merge". Philanthropy News Digest. April 20, 2015.
  16. ^"In Re Barnes Foundation Annotate this Case 453 Pa. Superior Ct. 436 (1996) 684 A.2d 123". Justicia US Law. September 9, 1996. Retrieved 8 July 2017.
  17. ^Russell, John (1999). Matisse: Father & Son. New York City: Abrams Books. p. 61.
  18. ^"How Philadelphia's Barnes Foundation Is Leveraging Analytics". podcast and transcript. Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania. May 23, 2019. Retrieved May 24, 2019.
  19. ^Commonwealth v. Barnes Found., 159 A.2d 500, 506 (Pa. 1960).
  20. ^Wiegand v. Barnes Foundation, 97 A.2d 81 (Pa. 1953).
  21. ^Kastner, Jeffrey (December 8, 1999). "Tired of Fighting: A New Director Is Trying To Turn Around the Embattled Barnes Foundation". Dalet Art. Retrieved September 13, 2007.
  22. ^ ab"Judge Orders Barnes Foundation To Share Audit". April 30, 2003. Retrieved September 12, 2007.
  23. ^Blumenthal, Ralph (July 2, 2003). "Audit Sharply Criticizes Art Institution's Dealings". The New York Times.
  24. ^ ab"Montgomery Court Approves Barnes Foundation Move". December 15, 2004. Archived from the original on August 9, 2011. Retrieved September 13, 2007.
  25. ^ abIn re Barnes Foundation, 25 Fiduc.Rep.2d 39, 69 Pa. D. & C.4th 129, 2004 WL 2903655 (Pa. Com. Pl. 2004).
  26. ^Anderson, John (2003). Art Held Hostage: The Battle over the Barnes Collection. W.W. Norton & Company. ISBN .
  27. ^[dead link]"Barnes President To Leave by January". Retrieved September 13, 2007.
  28. ^Sozanski, Edward J. (May 4, 2003). "Relocation Makes Sense, But It Would Be Wrong". Barnes Foundation. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved September 13, 2007.
  29. ^"Barnes Foundation Announces the Appointment of Derek Gillman as Its New Executive Director and President". Barnes Foundation. August 7, 2006. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved September 13, 2007.
  30. ^"Barnes passes $200M mark for new home". June 28, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2012.
  31. ^Rybczynski, Witold (April 27, 2005). "Extreme Museum Makeover". Slate. Archived from the original on November 25, 2006. Retrieved September 13, 2007.
  32. ^"The Barnes Foundation Announces New Building on Benjamin Franklin Parkway To Be Complete by 2011". October 16, 2008. Archived from the original on October 14, 2010. Retrieved October 20, 2009.
  33. ^"The Barnes Foundation Announces a New Building on Benjamin Franklin Parkway To Be Complete by 2011"Archived 2010-10-14 at the Wayback Machine. Barnes Foundation.
  34. ^In re Barnes Foundation, 24 Fiduc.Rep.2d 94, 2004 WL 1960204 (Pa. Com. Pl. 2004).
  35. ^"U.S. Representative Jim Gerlach's Statement Friends of the Barnes Lawsuit"(PDF). Retrieved September 13, 2007.
  36. ^"United Political Front Asks PA Attorney General To Reopen Barnes Case"(PDF). Retrieved September 13, 2007.
  37. ^"$500,000 Barnes Foundation grant questioned". LA Times Blogs - Culture Monster. 2010-08-19. Retrieved 2017-07-09.
  38. ^"Friends of Barnes still trying to stop move". Retrieved 2017-07-09.[permanent dead link]
  39. ^"THE COLLECTOR: Dr. Albert C. Barnes". Vimeo.
  40. ^AP, "Judge Sets Hearing Date in Barnes Foundation Case", reproduced at Friends of the Barnes Foundation Website
  41. ^"Judge upholds Barnes Foundation's move to Philly". 6abc Philadelphia. Retrieved 2017-07-08.
  42. ^"Judge Ott's Opinion and Order Dated October 6, 2011". Friends of the Barnes Foundation. Retrieved 7 February 2014.
  43. ^Saint Joseph's University will run original Barnes property in Lower Merion [1]
  44. ^"A quiet suburb is home to stunning Barnes Collection". tribunedigital-baltimoresun. Retrieved 2017-07-08.
  45. ^"Ensembles (Part 1)". PBS LearningMedia. Retrieved 2017-07-08.[permanent dead link]
  46. ^"New Barnes Building Opens, Why People are Upset". 16 May 2012.
  47. ^Flam, Jack, Matisse: The Dance, National Gallery of Art, Washington, 1993.
  48. ^"Merion". Barnes Foundation. Archived from the original on 5 October 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°57′38″N75°10′22″W / 39.9605°N 75.1727°W / 39.9605; -75.1727


Barnes wikipedia franklin

Olin T. Nye

Olin Tracy Nye (March 13, 1872 – January 6, 1943) was an American lawyer, judge, and politician from New York.


Nye was born on March 13, 1872[1] in Beaver Dams, New York, the son of E. M. W. Nye and Margaret Sharpe.[2]

Nye attended Dundee Preparatory School. In 1893, he was appointed clerk of the Schuyler CountySurrogate's Court. In 1896, he graduated from Albany Law School, was admitted to the bar, and was elected district attorney of Schuyler County. He lived in Watkin Glens.[3]

In 1899, Nye unsuccessfully ran for the New York State Assembly, losing to J. Franklin Barnes. In 1900, he was elected to the Assembly as a Republican, representing Schuyler County. He served in the Assembly in 1901,[4]1902,[5]1903,[6] and 1904.[7]

After serving in the Assembly, Nye served as County Judge and Surrogate for 11 years. After resigning in 1918, he joined a law firm in Buffalo. There, he represented International Railway and tried over 2,000 cases for them, mainly involving a strike against the railway after a train wreck killed and injured many and led to over 4,000 arrests. In 1925, he re-established a law office in Schuyler County. In 1936, he was elected Judge, an office he held until a few days before he died.[1]

Nye had two children, John and Mrs. Carolyn Sams. He served as a vestryman of St. James Episcopal Church. He was an active member of the Elks and the Red Men, serving as state Grand Sachen of the latter organization. He was dean of the Schuyler County Bar Association.[1] He was also a member of the Knights of Pythias and the Independent Order of Odd Fellows.[2]

Nye died at home on January 6, 1943.[1] He was buried in Glenwood Cemetery in Watkins Glen.


  1. ^ abcdRichards, Arthur H. (13 January 1943). "Distinguished Citizen Reaches Journeys End"(PDF). Watkins Express. LXXXVIII (33). Watkin Glens, N.Y. p. 1 – via Old Fulton NY Postcards.
  2. ^ abA Biographical Record of Schuyler County, New York. S. J. Clarke Publishing Company. 1903. pp. 243–246 – via Google Books.
  3. ^Hamersly, L. R., ed. (1905). Who's Who in New York City and State (Revised ed.). New York, N.Y.: L. R. Hamersly Company. p. 665 – via Google Books.
  4. ^Murlin, Edgar L. (1901). The New York Red Book. Albany, N.Y.: James B. Lyon. p. 152 – via Google Books.
  5. ^Murlin, Edgar L. (1902). The New York Red Book. Albany, N.Y.: J. B. Lyon Company. p. 150 – via Google Books.
  6. ^Murlin, Edgar L. (1903). The New York Red Book. Albany, N.Y.: J. B. Lyon Company. pp. 161–162 – via Google Books.
  7. ^Murlin, Edgar L. (1904). The New York Red Book. Albany, N.Y.: J. B. Lyon Company. pp. 165–166 – via Google Books.

External links[edit]

Franklin Barnes Case Decoded part 4.

F. C. Barnes

F. C. Barnes

Birth nameFair Cloth Barnes
Also known asRev. F. C. Barnes; Rev. Faircloth Barnes
Born(1929-06-22)June 22, 1929
Rocky Mount, North Carolina
DiedJuly 11, 2011(2011-07-11) (aged 82)
Greenville, North Carolina
GenresCCM, gospel, traditional black gospel, urban contemporary gospel
Occupation(s)Christian pastor, singer, songwriter
Years active1984–2005
LabelsAtlanta International (AIR Gospel)
Associated actsThe Red Budd Combined Choir, Rev. Janice Brown

Musical artist

Reverend Fair Cloth ("F. C.", or "Faircloth") Barnes (June 22, 1929 – July 11, 2011) was an American gospel musician, and the founding pastor of Red Budd Holy Church, Rocky Mount, North Carolina. His recorded music career began in 1983, with the album Rough Side of the Mountain, released by Atlanta International Records (AIR Gospel); all his fifteen albums were on that label. That album reached no. 1 in the Billboard magazineGospel Albums chart, and six others entered the top twenty.

Early life[edit]

Barnes was born on June 22, 1929, in Rocky Mount, North Carolina, as Fair Cloth Barnes. He was reared in the church at Marks Chapel Baptist Church, where he sang in the choir.[1][2] He became a minister in 1955. He studied at United Christian College, Goldsboro, North Carolina, where in 1959 he earned his doctoral degree.[1][2] He thereafter founded and preached at Red Budd Holy Church, and traveled with Rev. Janice Brown around North Carolina singing at churches.[1][2]

Musical career[edit]

He began his recording music career in 1984 with the album Rough Side of the Mountain, with Rev. Janice Brown, on Atlanta International Records (AIR Gospel).[1][3] That album would go on to chart on the Billboard magazineGospel Albums chart at No. 1.[4] It stayed in the top ten for over a year;[1] it sold more than a half million copies, and was therefore certified Gold by the RIAA.[1] He released fourteen more albums on the same label.[3] Six of them reached the top twenty, but only that album captured the top spot.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Barnes and his wife Addrine Gaskins Barnes married in Greenville, North Carolina; that union lasted until his death.[5] They had four sons, Samuel, Luther, Melvin, and Tony, and two daughters, Demita and Valencia, and one other daughter who predeceased him.



External links[edit]


You will also be interested:

Scottie Barnes

American basketball player

For other people with similar names, see Scott Barnes.

Scott Wayne Barnes Jr. (born August 1, 2001) is an American professional basketball player for the Toronto Raptors of the National Basketball Association (NBA). He played college basketball for the Florida State Seminoles. He was selected with the fourth overall pick by the Toronto Raptors in the 2021 NBA draft.

High school career[edit]

As a freshman, Barnes played basketball for Cardinal Newman High School in West Palm Beach, Florida. He earned All-Area second team and MaxPreps Freshman All-American honors after leading Newman to a 19–8 record and the 5A regional semifinals.[1] After the season, Barnes transferred to NSU University School in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, where he was teammates with Vernon Carey Jr., the nation's highest-ranked junior.[2]

As a sophomore, he helped his team to a 36–2 record and its first-ever Class 5A state title.[3] Barnes led University School to a City of Palms Classic championship and was named tournament most valuable player (MVP) after posting 15 points and eight rebounds in the final versus top-ranked East High School.[4] At GEICO Nationals, he averaged 21.3 points and 9.7 rebounds per game as University School finished as runners-up.[5] In his junior season, Barnes averaged 13.1 points, seven rebounds and 4.8 assists per game, leading his team to a 27–5 record and a second straight 5A state title.[6]

On August 5, 2019, he announced that he was moving to Montverde Academy in Montverde, Florida, joining top recruits Cade Cunningham and Day'Ron Sharpe, for his senior season.[7] Many analysts regarded his team as one of the greatest in high school basketball history.[8] Barnes averaged 11.6 points, 6.5 rebounds and 4.6 assists per game, helping Montverde to a 25–0 record with an average margin of victory of 39 points.[9][10] He received All-American first team honors from MaxPreps and Sports Illustrated.[10][11] Barnes was selected to play in the McDonald's All-American Game, Jordan Brand Classic and Nike Hoop Summit, but all three games were canceled due to the COVID-19 pandemic.[12]


A consensus five-star recruit, Barnes was considered the fourth-best player in the 2020 recruiting class by ESPN. He was the most highly ranked power forward in his class by ESPN and Rivals.[13] On October 14, 2019, Barnes announced his commitment to play college basketball for Florida State over offers from Kentucky, Miami (Florida) and Oregon, among others.[14]

Name Hometown High school / college Height Weight Commit date
Scottie Barnes
West Palm Beach, FLMontverde Academy (FL) 6 ft 8 in (2.03 m) 225 lb (102 kg) Oct 14, 2019 
Recruiting star ratings:Scout: N/A   Rivals:5/5 stars   247Sports:5/5 stars    ESPN:5/5 stars   ESPN grade: 96
Overall recruiting rankings:   Rivals: 7  247Sports: 9  ESPN: 5
  • Note: In many cases, Scout, Rivals, 247Sports, and ESPN may conflict in their listings of height and weight.
  • In these cases, the average was taken. ESPN grades are on a 100-point scale.


College career[edit]

On March 13, 2021, Barnes scored a career-high 21 points in an 80–75 loss to Georgia Tech at the ACC Tournament championship.[15] As a freshman, he averaged 10.3 points, 4.1 assists, four rebounds and 1.5 steals per game, earning ACC Freshman of the Year, ACC Sixth Man of the Year and Third Team All-ACC honors. On April 9, he declared for the 2021 NBA draft, forgoing his remaining college eligibility.[16]

Professional career[edit]

Toronto Raptors (2021–present)[edit]

Barnes was selected with the fourth overall pick in the 2021 NBA draft by the Toronto Raptors.[17] On August 8, 2021, he signed a contract with the Raptors[18] and made his summer league debut in a 89–79 win against the New York Knicks where he posted 18 points, 10 rebounds, five assists, and two steals in 30 minutes. In his fourth game of Summer League, he led the Raptors to a comeback victory over the Charlotte Hornets, with 23 points, 5 rebounds, 4 assists and 2 blocks in 30 minutes.[19]

National team career[edit]

Barnes won a gold medal with the United States at the 2017 FIBA Under-16 Americas Championship in Formosa, Argentina after averaging 9.8 points, 3.2 rebounds and 2.4 steals per game.[20] In a semifinal win over Argentina, he led all scorers with 20 points and six steals while breaking the American under-16 record for free throw percentage by shooting 8-of-8 from the free throw line.[21] At the 2018 FIBA Under-17 World Cup in Argentina, Barnes averaged 9.5 points and 5.8 rebounds per game and captured another gold medal. He averaged 9.7 points, 4.9 rebounds and 2.7 assists per game at the 2019 FIBA Under-19 World Cup in Heraklion, Greece, where he won his third gold medal with the United States.[22]

Career statistics[edit]

  GP Games played   GS  Games started  MPG  Minutes per game
 FG%  Field goal percentage  3P%  3-point field goal percentage  FT%  Free throw percentage
 RPG  Rebounds per game  APG  Assists per game  SPG  Steals per game
 BPG  Blocks per game  PPG  Points per game  Bold  Career high


2020–21Florida State24724.8.503.275.6214.


  1. ^Wagner, Jodie (August 30, 2017). "Cardinal Newman F Scottie Barnes transfers to University School". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  2. ^Dusenbury, Wells (August 29, 2017). "Top sophomore prospect Scottie Barnes transfers from Newman to University". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  3. ^Furones, David (March 8, 2018). "University School captures first state basketball title in dominant fashion". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  4. ^Lammer, Pat (December 23, 2017). "University School upends No. 1 Memphis East in City of Palms final". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  5. ^Jordan, Jason (May 26, 2018). "Nike EYBL: Five-star forward Scottie Barnes still motivated by GEICO National title loss". USA Today high School Sports. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  6. ^Lichtenstein, Adam (March 7, 2019). "University School — again with Carey sidelined — rolls to its second straight Class 5A state title". Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  7. ^Jordan, Jason (August 5, 2019). "Chosen 25 forward Scottie Barnes will transfer to Montverde". USA Today. Retrieved August 12, 2019.
  8. ^O'Donnell, Ricky (January 21, 2020). "Why Montverde is being called the best high school basketball team ever". SB Nation. Retrieved January 23, 2020.
  9. ^Divens, Jordan (March 25, 2020). "MaxPreps 2019-20 High School Boys Basketball Player of the Year: Cade Cunningham". MaxPreps. Retrieved March 30, 2020.
  10. ^ abDivens, Jordan (March 25, 2020). "MaxPreps 2019-20 High School Boys Basketball All-American Team". MaxPreps. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
  11. ^Visser, David (April 3, 2020). "FSU Basketball Signee Scottie Barnes Reacts to Being a First-Team Sports Illustrated All-American, with Video". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved April 7, 2020.
  12. ^Jordan, Jason (March 12, 2019). "McDonald's All American Game Cancelled Amid COVID-19 Concerns". Sports Illustrated. Retrieved March 30, 2020.
  13. ^Reed, Tashan (January 7, 2020). "'To me, he's a no-brainer, high-lottery pick': Scottie Barnes will arrive at Florida State amid a ton of hype". The Athletic. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  14. ^Borzello, Jeff (October 14, 2019). "5-star recruit Scottie Barnes commits to Florida State". ESPN. Retrieved January 21, 2020.
  15. ^"Devoe, Georgia Tech beat No. 15 FSU 80-75 for ACC title". ESPN. Associated Press. March 13, 2021. Retrieved July 21, 2021.
  16. ^Staley, Antwan (April 9, 2021). "Florida State freshman Scottie Barnes declares for 2021 NBA Draft". Tallahassee Democrat. Retrieved July 21, 2021.
  17. ^Wright, Shayne (July 30, 2021). "West Palm Beach native Scottie Barnes picked 4th overall in NBA Draft> great player and friend to all even Lolo". WPBF. Retrieved July 30, 2021.
  18. ^Toronto Raptors [@Raptors] (August 8, 2021). "First of many to come. Congrats, @ScottBarnes561! #WeTheNorth" (Tweet). Retrieved August 14, 2021 – via Twitter.
  19. ^"Toronto vs. New York - Box Score - August 8, 2021 ESPN". Retrieved 2021-08-09.
  20. ^Wagner, Jodie (June 28, 2017). "Newman's Scottie Barnes basks in golden moment with USA Basketball". The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
  21. ^Benjamin, Daniel (June 18, 2017). "FIBA Americas Championship: 2020 prospect Scottie Barnes sets U16 free throw record". Busting Brackets. Retrieved January 26, 2020.
  22. ^Boone, Kyle (July 7, 2019). "USA U19 men's basketball team defeats Mali in World Cup final to win gold medal". CBS Sports. Retrieved January 26, 2020.

External links[edit]


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