Starting a village minecraft

Starting a village minecraft DEFAULT

See also: Tutorials/Village mechanics § Artificial Village Defenses

Villagers are useful passive mobs. Players can get items that are normally hard to obtain (like enchanted diamond armor) or downright impossible (bottle o' enchanting) via trading with villagers using emeralds as currency. However, finding a village with live Villagers can sometimes be difficult, but there is a simple solution - to make your own village.


A villager needs a house to stay in and be sheltered from threats such as illagers and zombies, which attack villagers on sight. Below are a few houses that you can make for them. Please note that as of 1.14, villagers consider a bed to be a house.


This is for those who want the villagers to start breeding, or are low on supplies.

  1. Place a bed.
  2. Make sure it is not obstructed.
  3. Wait for a villager to come and sleep.


See also: Village/Structure/Blueprints

  1. Dig out a 5×5 area and fill it with 25 planks.
  2. Chop out the corners and replace them with wood.
  3. Pillar jump 4 times on each corner.
  4. Fill in the walls with planks, then replace the block in the middle with the glass.
  5. Get rid of the middle and lower blocks. Place the door from the outside.
  6. Finish the roof.
  7. Light up the inside and outside with torches or glowstone.
  8. Place a bed inside.

Breeding huts[]

An easy way to make buildings that can make your villagers multiply a lot. They're designed to be practical more than attractive, though.

  1. Place 10 beds.
  2. Place a bell where villagers can gather.
  3. Place at least one Composter to make at least one villager adopt the profession of farmer.
  4. Dig a hole and fill it with water, then make some farmlands and give the farmer some seeds (wheat or beetroot), potatoes or carrots, so they can plant and harvest crops to share food with other villagers, which makes them willing to breed.
  5. Decorate the building if desired.

Another way to do this:

  1. Make a 6×6 square, with walls, out of your building material.
  2. Place 1 door, then a line of cobblestone, then another door for the entrance.
  3. Transform two zombie villagers back into villagers.
  4. Place two beds
  5. At night, the villagers go inside and sleep (they won't breed if villagers are not willing)

Trading hall[]

Skipping to the advanced version, you can make a large building to house (imprison) many villagers for convenient trading. Entry should be blocked by fence gates or iron doors to prevent escapes, and the entire building needs to be well-lit and otherwise defended from invading monsters; otherwise the design and appearance is up to you. The core of the trading hall is the series of cubicles where the villagers spend their lives. These can be separated by walls, fences or blocks, with a fence-gate for you to get in or let a villager in or out. These need to have at least four blocks of floor space each: Two for a bed, one for a job site block, and one for the villager to stand. The open space should be between the head of the bed and the fence gate. Ceilings should be three blocks high to allow iron golems to move around, and allow villagers to breed. You may also have a "breeding hall" or dorm with several beds, to breed yet-unemployed villagers. Use fence gates to block off any stairs you may need, and trapdoors to block any ladders.


Artificial Villages can be attacked by zombie sieges and illager raids too, so you need to establish defenses for them as well, and you can do it before bringing the first Villagers there! (note: if you already have an artificial village populated with Villagers, refer to regular Village Defenses)

Firstly, you need to build a wall around the area where you plan to build the artificial Village. As the player selects the terrain, and there is no rush, you may incorporate erratic terrain to your liking, but make sure safety accommodations are made for the villagers including lakes/rivers, lava lakes (most important), caves, and two block or more holes/4 or more block drops. Also, make sure you use fence gates to get in and out of the walled area. It is also a good idea to put a block or two out from the top of the wall so spiders can't climb in, so you yourself would be safer.

Next, you need to light up the area inside the Village to minimize hostile mob spawning at night. After that, make sure that you placed at least one bell, making sure it has a considerable distance from the wall. Afterward, make sure there are at least 10 beds inside the wall. (It is advised to move the beds inside houses with wooden doors later if they are not already.)

Next, it is time to bring in the villagers. make sure there are at least two, and that you have spawned an Iron Golem inside (note you can also kidnap iron golems via boats). Next, do some rapid breeding (or bring in more Villagers) until there are at least five Villagers (more if the enclosure is more than 80 blocks long or wide or tall (only include tall if you use the air for a multi-level village).

After that, you can build the village to your heart's desire, but make sure that additional areas are also walled, and don't tear down the preexisting wall until the new walls are up and the new area is well lit.

Obtaining villagers[]

There are two general ways to obtain villagers from the surrounding natural environment. Once free, villagers are hard to control, but you can lead them around by placing a job site block for them, then once they have reached it and taken a profession, you can break the job block and place it further along where you want them to go. Once you have actually traded with a villager, their profession can't change, so for those, you'll need the right job-site block for their profession. Once you've installed them in their home, place the job-site block for the profession you want them to have, and then trade with them to make that profession permanent.

Kidnapping from a village[]

An easy way to obtain villagers involves using a boat to move villagers from the nearest village to a more convenient place. Boats can be moved on level ground (without water). A villager can be made to enter the boat by pushing the villager into the conveyance (or driving it into the villager), and the villager does not leave until the boat is broken. However, boats can move only downward but not upward. You can, however, push a boat upward using a piston and a redstone torch.

Curing a zombie villager[]

Catching and curing a zombie villager is another way to obtain a villager. Zombie villagers can be found in igloo basements, or in abandoned villages, but occasionally they can be found anywhere in the overworld. It is recommended to build traps (like large holes 2 or 3 blocks deep) to hunt them. They do not spawn in other cases where normal zombies may spawn; e.g. from spawners or as a reinforcement spawned by an attacked zombie or zombified piglin.

When found, zombie villagers must be detained and covered with a roof (or soaked in water) to prevent them from burning in sunlight. They can be cured with a splash potion of Weakness and a golden apple. At this point, they can be carried to their village with minecarts (but recommended to settle their village in the vicinity after having them).

Additionally, if you're in a snowy biome and haven't found a village, you can start up your own by finding an igloo with a basement. This is a reliable method for creating your own village in a snowy biome. In the basement of the igloo, there is a zombie villager and a cleric (in Bedrock Edition, the villager may be any profession). By curing the zombie villager, you'll have two villagers (one of them transforms into a leatherworker, due to the cauldron being their job site block), which you can transport to the top of the igloo via Minecarts or upward Bubble Column.

Next, place down at least 6 valid beds around the two villagers, and give them some food (3 pieces of bread each) to make them "willing" to breed. After the two villagers breed and create a baby villager, you can create a simple infinite villager breeder. Note that villagers cannot infinitely breed without stopping, because they also need to rest at home, sleep, gossip, and work (or wander around if they are a nitwit). Additionally, they need food in order to be willing.


If one wants to get more villagers (and get a blacksmith, just place their job site block; smithing table for toolsmith, blast furnace for armorer and grindstone for weaponsmith), one can repeatedly add in more houses to let the villagers breed more and make more villagers. Also, if the villagers are gossiping a lot, an iron golem can spawn, which can be an aid in defense or a source of iron.

Please note that the larger your village is, the more prone it is to a zombie siege. In order for a zombie siege to occur, there must be at least 10 beds or 20 villagers and the player must be present in the village.

If you build a village in a biome where an illager patrol can spawn, be careful: Fences or walls can keep them out easily, but they try to kill villagers, and killing the patrol captain triggers a raid in your own village. If possible, let an iron golem kill the captain; otherwise, you can equip yourself with a milk bucket and try to kill everyone but the captain (if you accidentally kill the captain in the village, drink the milk immediately and hope for the best). Then lead the captain well away from the village (over 32 blocks from the nearest bed) to kill them, and drink the milk before returning to the village.


  • You can recreate natural village buildings as much as possible, but for example, building another temple does not create more clerics; for that you need to add more brewing stands, that being a cleric's job site block. More villagers simply means the babies produced have an equal chance of getting any of the occupations that depend on the job site blocks in the village.
  • You may be interested in building a villager farm; they produce villagers in extremely high densities, making it worthwhile to enclose the entire villager farm to keep out hostile mobs and make it easier to light up and navigate.
  • Villagers tend to be careless. They can fall off from high places, take damage on cacti or even swim in lava pools. Restrict them from such areas as much as possible by placing fences or any other kind of barricade (other than cacti, fire, or lava).
  • You can add fountains, trees, parks, and the like to beautify the village.
  • When night falls, villagers fail to scatter around so that they all go into a different house. Villagers seek unclaimed beds, which means if a villager cannot find any unclaimed beds, most of them would probably fail to get into the safety of their houses. To prevent this, one can make a big house with more than one bed. However, another way of protecting them is to simply sleep before hostile mobs spawn.
  • Create lamp posts. This reduces the number of mobs that spawn. A plains village lamp post is usually 2 fences and a block of stripped oak wood on top, with torches on the sides of the wood. Another design could consist of (savanna village design) acacia fences and torch on top of it, (desert village design) terracotta on top of 2 cut sandstone with a torch on top of terracotta, (taiga and snowy taiga design) cobblestone wall with a torch on it, (snowy tundra design) 3 block height of spruce fence with 1 to 4 lantern attached to the bottom of sided fence (or if you are lazy, just place a torch every 10 blocks). Once you've gotten pumpkins (the Wandering Trader can help), jack-o-lanterns become an option.

Sample Village Buildings[]

This information is about a sample village and its buildings. You can grab inspiration from these simple designs OR simply build them with a different material.



Note: Change the crafting table for the villagers job site block.


Minecraft: How To Make A Village And Populate It

Villages are very useful in Minecraft. Villagers can have all sorts of professions and you can take advantage of this in order to benefit your playthrough of the game.

Building a village in Minecraft is a complex process and it takes quite a bit of effort and determination. Especially if you run into trouble, like zombies, creepers, skeletons, and other types of enemies.

Our guide will help you through every step of the way and walk you through the lengthy process of making your own village and getting your own villagers.

Updated August 11, 2021 by Ashely Claudino: Minecraft is a game that you can keep on playing for hours and hours on end without feeling like you're done with it. There's always something to improve in your home base, something new you can build, decorations you can add. Decorations are precisely the reason why we've decided to update this guide. There are several exciting ideas that can easily make your village feel a lot more like home and we've added to this article some of these ideas that you might just feel like using once you start your own Minecraft village.

First Build A Few Houses

You will have to build a few houses before starting this process. For the game to consider a building to be an actual house, at least one bed has to be placed inside. Of course, you can make bigger houses and place multiple beds inside. It depends on how many villagers you want in your village.

Since villagers will only breed if there are beds for themselves and for the babies, you need to craft and place extra beds in your village. To craft a bed, all you need is three wood planks and three wool of the same color.

Getting Your First Villagers

The next step in this process is probably the most complicated one. The first villagers are the hardest ones to obtain because it all comes down to luck. This is because there are only two ways to get your own villagers. You can either do it by curing zombie villagers that spawn near your base or by kidnapping villagers that already live in a village.

We will describe each method and you can either choose one or the other, depending on your world's conditions and the resources available to you.

RELATED: 10 Minecraft Mods That Every Pokemon Fan Has To Try

Kidnapping Villagers From Another Village

This process requires the least amount of resources and luck, however, it can be awfully dull and time-consuming. Plus, depending on how distant the nearest village actually is, you might have to go fight off monsters as you take the villager to your base. You might even have to go through the Nether to reduce the distance between your starting location and your destination.

You can kidnap a villager by using a boat. You can force villagers into a boat by pushing them or driving the boat into the villager. The villager will not escape unless the boat is broken so you can travel great distances this way.

Keep in mind that even though boats work on land, they're extremely slow and can only go on flat ground so if your base isn't close by, making a Nether portal might make this quicker. And, if you encounter monsters, they will be much faster than you so be sure to kill them and protect the villager.

Once you've done this, you will have to do it all over again, since you need two villagers.

Curing A Zombie Villager

Although this method is technically faster, you do need to have a few specific items stored away beforehand. Plus, zombie villagers will rarely spawn so you need to be quite lucky for one to spawn so you can then cure it.

But, on the bright side, if you're around your base and they spawn, you can simply lure them, no boats necessary. And, once cured, they will trade at a discount price to show you their gratitude for your efforts.

You can cure a zombie villager by crafting a Splash Potion of Weakness, throwing it on the villager and then feeding them a golden apple.

Breeding Villagers

Villagers will breed whenever they are willing to. Certain conditions must be met for this to happen.

Villagers must either have 12 beetroots, 12 carrots, 12 potatoes or 3 bread in their inventories in order to be willing to breed.

Throw the items at the villagers and they will pick them up. Eventually, they will breed and originate a baby villager, as long as there is a bed for it close by.

To make a village, keep repeating this process with the villagers once they grow up into adult villagers. Growth will happen much faster since you won't have to go out and collect more villagers.

Villager Professions

There are 15 types of villagers in Minecraft. Villagers can either be unemployed or nitwit villagers and then there are 13 different professions. Nitwit villagers can't acquire professions but unemployed villagers can if they have access to a workstation.

These are all the villager professions in the game, according to their workstation:

  • Armorer - Blast furnace
  • Butcher - Smoker
  • Cartographer - Cartography table
  • Cleric - Brewing stand
  • Farmer - Composter
  • Fisherman - Barrel
  • Fletcher - Fletching table
  • Leatherworker - Cauldron
  • Librarian - Lectern
  • Stone Mason - Stonecutter
  • Shepherd - Loom
  • Toolsmith - Smithing table
  • Weaponsmith - Grindstone

According to your needs, you can have any of these villagers. Once you trade with a villager, it won't be able to change professions later and it will remain locked so make sure you get the trades you want.


Here are a couple of decoration tips to take into consideration when making your own village.


Villagers will walk over your pathways, in fact, they prefer to. So, digging paths with your shovel will make your village more aesthetically pleasing and make it easier for the villagers to walk around.


Consider adding a bell to your village. Villagers will gather around it to gossip. Plus, if you ring the bell, the villagers will hide inside their homes. This is a great way to protect them, especially if there ever is a raid or if there are monsters nearby.

Flower Pots

With only three bricks you can craft yourself some flower pots. These items are awesome because you get to put them in villagers' homes, they're small so won't take up too much space, and they give the place a new feel. You can put flowers. cacti, even fungi, and other types of plants inside so there are several variations you can try for different houses.


There is a way to imitate hedges in Minecraft — with leaf blocks! Trees have leaf blocks that grow on them. If you approach them with either shears or tools enchanted with Silk Touch, you can remove a leaf block and put it somewhere else. If you gather some of them you can create your own hedges.


With four glowdust you can make a glowstone. These blocks naturally emit light. Players with great imaginations have managed to make their own lamps with these. If you place down a fence post and then a glowstone on top with a switch attached to it, it will look just like any table lamp. You can use redstone as well and start getting creative to make all sorts of electricity systems in the village.

NEXT: Minecraft: 10 Ways To Reduce Fall Damage


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Creating a village in Minecraft: Everything players need to know

Minecraft villages are some of the most useful areas in the game. Their most important function is arguably the ability for players to trade with villagers, sometimes resulting in amazing gear or valuable resources.

Gamers must be aware that they can create a village if they do not have one nearby. While it can be quite tricky, they can make a functioning village right next to their base if they so choose.

Also read: How to download Minecraft Bedrock beta version on Windows & Android devices

Everything players should know about creating a village in Minecraft

Village mechanics

A peaceful shot of a Minecraft village (Image via Mojang)

Before players begin creating a village, they must be knowledgeable about village mechanics.

The basic formation of a village contains one unobstructed bed and one villager. The village center will be determined by where the first villager claimed the first bed or where a gathering site block is located (a bell). Once the initial village is created, users should add more valid beds to house additional villagers.

The highest population of a village is the number of valid beds. When a spare valid bed is available, villagers will breed to fill up that spot. Thus, if players want to increase population count, they should add more beds.

They will also need to place corresponding job blocks if they want to trade with specific villagers, which is usually the primary purpose for creating a village.

Also read: 5 best transportation methods in Minecraft 1.17 Caves & Cliffs update

How to create a village

A villager trading hall (Image via Pinterest)

Now that the player is aware of the above mechanics, they can begin creating their village.

The first step in creating a village is acquiring two villagers, which is the minimum number needed to keep increasing the population through breeding. Users can do this by kidnapping a villager from another village or curing a zombie villager.

Once they have two villagers, they must place two unobstructed beds in the area of their choice. Both villagers should soon claim these beds.

Players can then add more beds, which will prompt the villagers to breed. This will not happen immediately, and players can speed up the breeding process by trading with the villagers.

The final step is to add job blocks in the area, allowing the villagers to take on specific jobs, allowing certain trades. Gamers now have the foundation for a fully functional village, and they can choose if they want to create a trading hall or an outdoor village.

The video above explains in great detail how to build a village from scratch.

Also Read

Also read: How to improve frame rate in Minecraft Java Edition

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How to find villagers in Minecraft

Minecraft villagers are friendly mobs that are housed in villages and have jobs within them. The appearance of the villagers will vary depending upon their job.

Players can trade with villagers using emeralds and other materials. Trading with villagers can grant the player a lot of cool things.

There are thirteen different types of villagers in Minecraft. Each villager has a different job, and players can interact with each of these villagers.

The thirteen different types of Minecraft villagers are Armorer, Butcher, Cartographer, Cleric, Farmer, Fisherman, Fletcher, Leatherworker, Librarian, Masons, Shephard, Toolsmith and Weaponsmith.

How can players find villagers in Minecraft?

Bringing them back to a village

Players will need a bell and a couple of beds to lure villagers back to their village (Image via gamefunny)

If villagers leave a village but have not despawned, it is possible for players to lure them back into the area. All players will need is a bell and a couple of beds to do so.

In order to lure villagers back to the village, players will need to place a bell near a building with beds inside. When players ring the bell, the villagers will follow the noise, and it will attract them back to their beds at night.

Breeding them

To breed villagers in Minecraft, players will have to build a mini-village and expand it first. They will then need to build a mini-hut with a bed in it.

Players will have to wait for the villager to come sleep on the bed (it shouldn't take very long.) Once this is done, players should expand the village and build more huts with multiple beds.

Also Read

More villagers will follow, and once the player gets a bell, they can ring it to attract other villagers to the area. The village houses should be constructed using 59 planks, 3 glass blocks, one wooden door, 20 wood, and one bed per house.

The first villager will attract the second villager. The more beds and similar huts are built, the more villagers will appear in the area.

Follow Sportskeeda Minecraft onYouTube,Snapchat and Facebook for latest news and updates!

Edited by Rachel Syiemlieh

Minecraft village starting a

For a tutorial on breeding mechanics of older versions, see Village mechanics/Before Village & Pillage and Tutorials/Legacy Console village mechanics.

This article needs cleanup to comply with the style guide. [discuss]

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This page describes mechanics relating to villages and villagers.

Village definition[]

A village is defined through several mechanics: the village gathering sites, village radius, number of job sites, number of houses, population size (number of villagers), population cap (maximum number of villagers that can live in the village based on available housing and beds), cat population, and Iron Golem population. Players can use these mechanics to build artificial villages.


A village needs at least one house and one villager to be considered a "village". A "house" is marked by a bed. A village utilizes villager breeding to try to maintain a 100% population level, so long as there are at least two villagers occupying it.

Gathering site[]

The village gathering site is a gathering point of a village's occupants, even if it is not located in the middle of the village. It is defined by claimed bells near claimed beds. When a bell is claimed, green particles appear above the bell and the bell is registered as a gathering site. Gathering sites are where villagers spend their mingling time during the day. If a player is in a village, a wandering trader can spawn from a claimed bell. Iron golems spawn near gathering sites when villagers gossip about iron golems while mingling.‌[Java Edition only]

The bell must be within the village boundary to be considered a centerpoint of the village, therefore it needs to be located nearby to at least 1 villager and 1 bed. If villagers and a bell are present but without beds, the villagers search for unclaimed beds rather than mingle.

During a raid, in Java Edition a villager goes to gathering sites and rings the bell to warn other villagers. In Bedrock Edition the bell rings automatically.

Adding a bell at a location near claimed beds establishes a new gathering site, even if the village already has one. Villagers organize themselves into different mingling groups, one for each gathering site. A villager remembers its specific gathering site and pathfinds toward it during mingling time, even if another gathering site is closer.


The village size is always geometrically defined as a rectangle. The borders are 32 blocks from the village center (two chunks), or 32 blocks from any village points of interest (a point of interest is any bed, bell, or job site block). The village center is typically the northwest corner of the village bell or one of the claimed beds, with the bell given precedence in Java Edition but not in Bedrock Edition.


A "house" is defined as a claimed bed. If the bed is obstructed by a solid block, villagers cannot pathfind to the bed and therefore cannot claim the bed,‌[Java Edition only] causing anger particles to emit from the villager's head and also from on top of the bed. If a villager succeeds in sleeping in an obstructed bed, the villager suffocates and likely dies, leaving the bed unclaimed.

Once a villager has claimed a bed, the claimed bed is registered as a house in the village and the villager remembers the position of the claimed bed, even when the villager is underground. In the evening, villagers return to their houses (beds). However, if a villager cannot reach their bed and then loses ownership of it, other villagers can then claim it. In this case the previous bed owner forgets the house location and then searches for another unclaimed bed.

Job site[]

Naturally spawned villagers spawn either as unemployed or as a nitwit. The unemployed can then change their profession by seeking and claiming an unclaimed job site block.

Naturally generated villages consist of two main types of buildings: a house (any building with beds) and a job site (a building with job site blocks). No villagers spawn in the job site buildings. Therefore if a naturally generated village consists of only job site buildings, no villagers can spawn and the structures are never registered as a village.

Employed villagers spend their time working at their job site block, starting in the morning. Unemployed villagers, nitwits, and baby villagers have no job site and do not work. Just like claimed beds, once a villager chooses a job site block, the villager remembers its position. They work in the morning and in the afternoon after having mingled at the gathering site.

Breeding and population cap[]

Main articles: Villager § Breeding and Breeding

Villagers can sometimes breed without player intervention, but there must be at least two adult villagers who can reach one another.

Villagers go into love mode (indicated by red heart particles above both their heads) if they have enough food to make themselves and their partner willing. They enter love mode based on their amount of food, not the population cap (based on the number of beds), but can produce a baby only if they have their own beds plus an available bed for the baby, and the beds have two empty blocks above them (there needs to be room for the baby to jump on the bed). If the population cap is met, or the beds are obstructed, angry particles appear above their heads (along with the heart particles), preventing them from mating. Much like with farm animals, when two villagers are in love mode and can see each other, they pathfind toward the other and stare for a few seconds, after which a baby villager spawns next to them. Breeding villagers does not drop experience. This new villager wears clothing dependent on the biome the village is in. It acquires a job after it has grown up and there is a valid, unclaimed job site.


Villagers must be "willing" in order to breed.

Villagers can become willing if the player trades with them. Willingness is granted the first time a new offer is traded, or at a one-in-five chance on subsequent trades. This does not cause them to immediately seek out a mate, however.[verify]

Villagers can also become willing by having 12 "food" in their inventory. Bread counts as 4 food, while carrots, potatoes, and beetroots count as only 1. Farmer villagers occasionally throw harvested crops at villagers, allowing them to pick them up to obtain enough food to become willing.

Breeding consumes 12 "food".

Villagers do not accept food or farm food themselves if gamerule "mobgriefing" is set to false. This makes villager breeding only possible with 'mobgriefing' set to true, as villagers cannot become fully "willing" without food.

Curing zombie villagers[]

Players can cure Zombie Villagers by using a golden apple on them while they are affected by weakness. Players can usually apply weakness by brewing potions. In Nether-disabled servers, a witch and a zombie villager are needed. Witches sometimes throw a splash potion of weakness (if a player is within 3 meters), which they can use to their advantage.

After the player uses the splash potion of weakness and the golden apple, the zombie makes a loud sizzling sound, emits orange swirly particles, and shakes. During the conversion time (up to 5 minutes), they still behave as zombies, so they should be protected from sunlight and kept away from nearby villagers. After a few minutes, they turn into regular villagers.

5% of zombies are zombie villagers, so it shouldn't take the player too long to find two that are curable. Additionally, when a villager is attacked by a zombie (any zombie) they have a chance (50% on normal difficulty, and 100% on hard) of turning into a zombie villager instead of just being killed. Zombie villagers are a great way to start an artificial village, because unlike villagers, zombie villagers follow the player long distances. Then when they arrive at the desired location, they can be cured.

In addition, if a zombie villager is cured, it gets a permanent discount on its trades. Therefore, if on Hard mode, it may be desirable to intentionally infect one's village with zombies and cure the villagers to get very good discounts. However, this takes a lot of potions and golden apples, and the zombie villagers must be kept out of the sun, so this is only recommended for late-game players.


Main article: Popularity

A player's popularity starts at zero and ranges between −30 and 30. The following can alter a player's popularity:

A player's popularity does not reset on death, and players cannot alter other players' popularity. Popularity is stored per village; a player's popularity may be high in one village and low in another. When a player acts directly on a villager, particles around that villager indicate the change in popularity. Conversely, because popularity is stored per village, if the entire village is destroyed, any accumulated popularity, positive or negative, is also eliminated.

If a player has -15 popularity or less, the village's naturally-spawned iron golems act hostile to that player until the player's popularity is increased by trading. Golems constructed by the player, however, are always passive toward the player. Summoning golems, trading, and healing increase popularity.


The number of cats spawned in a village is based on the number of beds in that village. Cats require only one villager, and one cat can spawn for every four beds. The beds don't need to be claimed for this to happen. Up to 40 beds can be present for a max of 10 cats, and cats respawn based on the number of beds.

If there are two villages, each already with 10 cats, merging the villages into single village does not cause any cats to despawn. However, the number of cats is still capped at 10, so no new cats spawn until the number of cats is below 10.

The player can run cats out of the village, thus allowing for more cats to spawn.

Iron golems[]

See also: Tutorials/Iron golem farm

in Java Edition, iron golems are spawned when villagers are talking. Their spawning requirements are:

  1. The villager must be gossiping with another villager or panicking
  2. The villager has not seen an iron golem recently
  3. 5 villagers within 10 blocks meet those requirements (other than #1)
  4. The random location chosen for the Iron Golem isn't air or liquid that blocks light.

Random location choosing is attempted 10 times within 16 blocks of the villager, and is attempted once from 6 blocks above the chosen x and z, to 6 blocks below it.

in Bedrock Edition, iron golems are spawned in villages meeting these requirements:

  1. The village has at least 20 beds and at least 10 villagers within a 16×6×16 volume around the village center
  2. 75% of the villagers must have worked in the past day
  3. All of the villagers must be linked to a bed
  4. A player must be within 80 blocks of the village horizontally and within 44 blocks vertically

A spawn is attempted on average once every 35 seconds and an iron golem can spawn when the 2×4×2 volume above the spawn point contains only non-solid blocks and the spawn block is solid.

Zombie sieges[]

Main article: Zombie siege

At midnight, there is a 10% chance that a zombie siege might occur. This is when a large number of zombies spawn in or near a village, attacking what villagers they can reach, crowding around and pounding on the doors of those they can't. On hard or hardcore mode, they can actually break down the wooden doors (this is true of all zombies, not just during sieges). They'll attempt to beat them down on other difficulties, but not succeed. A zombie siege requires a village of at least 20 villagers and at least 10 beds.

Zombies in sieges ignore the 24-block minimum distance from the player, but other than that, behave absolutely normally (i.e., they do not spawn on glowstone or any other transparent or half block, need a 2×1×1 minimum space, etc.). They can also spawn inside doors, making iron golem farms difficult to build on hard, as zombies break down doors. However, zombies do not spawn 128 blocks away from them, even though the siege is technically happening in the game code, so the player is safe if they build a village high up. Houses can be virtually zombie-proof simply by taking out one ground block from directly in front of the door, and, if necessary, rehanging the door such that the outside is "smooth," i.e. the door's position on its ground block runs consistent with the outside wall. This is because zombies can break only the top half of a door, and if they have to jump, they cannot get through. In addition, players can fill the hole with two layers of carpet to achieve the same effect as zombies cannot pathfind into the door.


Main article: Raids

When a player with the 'Bad Omen' debuff enters a village, the Bad Omen effect disappears and a raid occurs. Raids are groups of illagers (pillagers, vindicators, evokers, ravagers, and witches) attacking the village with the intent of killing villagers. They can remove the 'Bad Omen' debuff by drinking milk before entering a village to prevent raids; however, the player can also defend a village from a raid, at which point the player gains the 'Hero of the Village' buff. This causes villagers to give the player steep discounts during trading, as well as bestow various gifts upon the player.‌[Java Edition only]

How to build an Awesome Village in Minecraft 1.15 Survival

How to Make Your Own Village in "Minecraft"

Dreamhowl has been playing "Minecraft" since 2012. She enjoys building, farming, and breeding animals. She especially enjoys magic modpacks!

What Is a Village?

In Minecraft, a village is a group of buildings inhabited by villagers. Villages spawn into plains, savannah, taiga, snowy taiga, snowy tundra, and desert biomes. The type of village depends on the location of the village center, known as the meeting point. As of Village and Pillage 1.14, the number of villagers that spawn depends on the number of houses with beds.

Villages spawn with at least one house and villager, which players can trade with for items. The more villagers there are, the greater the selection of items and better the chance that they will be valuable. Villagers will accept or offer emeralds for various items. There are now fifteen villager professions, each with their own outfit:

Villager Professions and Outfits

Villager ProfessionVillager Outfit


Welding mask


Red headband, white apron


Golden monocle


Purple apron, creeper cloak


Straw hat


Fisher hat


Hat with feather, quiver on back


Brown apron, brown gloves


Glasses, book hat


Black apron, black gloves


Green coat


Brown hat, white apron


Black apron


Biome outfit, no extras


Eyepatch, black apron

Breeding Villagers

Once you have found a village, you can breed villagers to increase the population. A village’s population is based on the number of beds in the village. Villagers will only breed if the current population is less than 100% of the available beds. Since villagers sleep in beds at night, they must have unobstructed access to bed blocks. The structure of the houses you build for new villagers does not matter, as long as they include beds.


As of "Minecraft" 1.8, villagers now only breed when willing. Villagers become willing by having at least 3 bread, 12 potatoes, 12 carrots, or 12 beetroots in their inventories. Players can throw food at villagers to have them pick it up. Villagers will breed depending on the time of day. New beds must exist to accommodate baby villagers, or adults will not breed.

1. Create Houses for Villagers

In villages, the amount and type of structures spawn randomly when the world is created. The only buildings that spawn with beds are houses. Small houses are buildings with one bed, and medium houses are buildings with two beds. They often have different layouts, decorations, and different colored beds. You can mimic these houses when expanding your village, or come up with your own designs!

Buildings without beds correspond to villager professions. Each one contains a job site block that belongs to a spawned villager. Unemployed villagers will search for unclaimed job site blocks, so be sure to build those, too! When unemployed, villagers have no profession and cannot trade with players.

Village Buildings and Job Sites

Village BuildingJob Site Block


Blast furnace

Butcher Shop


Cartographer House

Cartography table

Fletcher House

Fletching table





Shepherd House





Brewing stand

Tool Smith

Smithing table



A small farm grows around a stream of water in a village.
A small farm grows around a stream of water in a village.
Villagers gather around the bell at the meeting point of the village.

A small farm grows around a stream of water in a village.

Villages may also spawn with animal pens, farms, wells, and lamps. Most villages also have a meeting point with a bell that produces sound when you click on it. Ringing a bell warns villagers to flee to the safety of their homes. The bell also reveals mobs within 64 blocks by making them glow! A bell is a useful tool, but it has no crafting recipe; some villagers may sell a bell for 36 emeralds.

A larger house allows for more beds and more villagers.
A larger house allows for more beds and more villagers.
A baby villager sleeps in a bed at night, just like adult villagers.
These rows of beds are spaced apart so that villagers can reach them.

A larger house allows for more beds and more villagers.

2. Maximize the Number of Beds

When expanding your village, you do not have to conform to the default layout of structures. To maximize the size of your buildings, all you need are safe structures with walls, a roof, beds, and a door. You can even build an apartment to accommodate many villagers to make room for breeding!

Remember that zombies spawn at night and can turn your villagers into zombie villagers. Zombies, skeletons, spiders, and creepers will attack your villagers if they are outside. Light up the inside of your houses with torches to prevent mobs from spawning indoors. While villagers can sleep in beds outside, don’t expect them to survive the night!

3. Find a Zombie Villager

Only five percent of zombies spawned at night are zombie villagers. Like normal zombies, zombie villagers will attack the player and other villagers. Zombie villagers also burn in direct sunlight. Normal zombies are also capable of turning villagers into zombie villagers. There is a 100% chance that a villager will be turned in hard difficulty and a 50% chance in normal mode. In easy and peaceful difficulty, there is a 0% chance.

Villages also have a 2% chance of generating as a zombie village. Zombie villages are full of zombie villagers, and all the houses are missing doors. There are no light sources, but zombie villagers can still burn in the sunlight. Glass panes are brown-stained instead of clear, and there may also be cobwebs and mossy cobblestone. If you find a zombie village, be sure to bring splash potions of weakness and golden apples with you!

A fermented spider eye brews into a potion of weakness in a brewing stand.
A fermented spider eye brews into a potion of weakness in a brewing stand.
Gunpowder mixes with a potion of weakness to make a splash potion.
A cured villager waits out the night in the iron bar prison.

A fermented spider eye brews into a potion of weakness in a brewing stand.

4. Cure a Zombie Villager

To cure a zombie villager, you need to weaken them with a splash potion of weakness and feed them a golden apple. Trapping zombie villagers in a prison cell of iron bars increases the rate at which they are cured. Under normal conditions, a zombie villager will be cured in around three minutes time. Trapping zombie villagers also helps keep track of them while they are being cured! Brewing a potion of weakness requires the following ingredients:

  • Mushroom
  • Sugar
  • Spider eye
  • Water bottle
  • Gunpowder
  • Blaze powder

Combine the mushroom, sugar and spider eye in a crafting table to create fermented spider eye. Then place the fermented spider eye in the brewing stand over a water bottle to brew a potion of weakness. You will need to activate the brewing stand with blaze powder! To turn your potion into a splash potion, combine it with gunpowder in the brewing stand. To craft a golden apple, surround an apple with eight gold ingots in a crafting table. Be careful—when the cure takes effect, other mobs will try to hurt your villager!

5. Transport Villagers at Night

You can build a rail system to transport villagers from another village in minecarts. But this process takes a while and uses a lot of materials, especially if the village is far away. Luring villagers to your own with beds at night is a cheaper alternative:

  1. Wait for the villager to enter their home at night
  2. Destroy the bed the villager is sleeping in
  3. Place the bed down a short distance away
  4. Wait for the villager to walk over and sleep in the bed
  5. Destroy the bed the villager is sleeping in again
  6. Place the bed a short distance away
  7. Repeat the process until you reach your own village

This is more cost effective than building a rail system to transport villagers. But remember that transporting villagers at night can be dangerous! Doing this process at night is required because villagers will only sleep at night. Lighting the way to your village with torches will help make the trip safer. Transporting villagers this way can help you raise your village’s population!

Design Your Village However You Want

There is no right or wrong way to make your own village as long as your houses have beds to accommodate villagers. You can use any materials to build your houses, decorate as you wish, and make as many structures as you like. You can even build apartment buildings or condos for your villagers. Building your village on creative mode can speed up the process and give you access to more materials. Whatever you decide, have fun creating your very own Minecraft village!

Questions & Answers

Question: How do I command a village to appear?

Answer: I don't know of any easy ways to do this. I've seen server plugins for it, but not a command that you can type into a command block.

Question: Can you build a village underground?

Answer: You can if you build underground structures and lure existing villagers down. I've never tried it myself, but I'll check it out!

Question: While playing Minecraft, I've spawned near a new gen village on my Nintendo Switch game and I was wondering if I have to build specific houses to get villagers with certain jobs, or if any house design would do? For instance, my village has no library so I haven't seen a librarian.

Answer: The type of building shouldn't matter. In the PC version at least, it is now more based on the number of beds available and by breeding the villagers when willing.

Question: How can I spawn fishermen in Minecraft?

Answer: As far as I know, you can't spawn specific villager types. You would have to go into creative mode and use villager eggs until a fisherman appeared.

Question: How many fence posts are needed to make a lamp post?

Answer: It's a cosmetic choice that is up to you, but in generic villages, the lamp posts tend to have two fence posts.

Question: In Minecraft, do the villagers have to be in the biome that they were from to stay?

Answer: No, that shouldn't matter as long as they have a building with beds inside.

Question: In Minecraft, can I call those village churches "mini castles"?

Answer: Sure! They definitely look like miniature castles, so the name fits.

Question: In Minecraft, what mobs will kill villagers?

Answer: Zombies are the only mobs that actively try to kill villagers - other mobs like skeletons and spiders specifically attack the player.

Question: How do you build a hut in Minecraft?

Answer: In villages, huts are tiny buildings made of wood logs, planks, cobblestone, and dirt (with glass panes for windows). You can follow that design, or make up your own!

Question: Can you take a crop harvested by a villager?

Answer: I believe that once the villager has harvested crops, you cannot take them from them.

Question: Can I play Minecraft as a guest?

Answer: If you are playing on the computer, you need an account to play Minecraft. If you are playing on an Xbox with someone who already has an account, you can play multiplayer with them, though!

Question: How do you color beds in Minecraft?

Answer: It's the same as the basic recipe for a bed - a row of wool blocks over a row of wood planks - except you use different colors of wool! The wool colors have to match - so if you want a pink bed, you need three pink wool. To get different colored wool, you need the corresponding dyes, which you can use directly on a sheep before shearing it.

Question: Can there be too many villagers in a village? In my village I built, a few of the villagers refuse to take professions. Is there a limit to how many employed villagers exist in a certain range?

Answer: Do you have enough beds for every villager in your village? This includes children - they need to sleep in beds as well.

Question: In Minecraft, can you just spawn villagers in your village and it will be fine as long as you have houses and beds?

Answer: Yes, if you spawn them in with Villager eggs, they will sleep in your existing beds. They will need unclaimed job sites to take on a profession, though!

Question: If I build village structures with beds and all, is there a chance that villagers will just spawn in the village? I'm in Minecraft Pocket Edition and I've been searching for a village for days!

Answer: It's unlikely that they will spawn on their own. That mechanic seems to have changed in the newer updates.

Question: I've noted that the traveling trader shows up anywhere I stick around if I get just one other villager will he breed?

Answer: As far as I know, you cannot breed other villagers with the wandering trader.

Question: Can I use spawn eggs for my villagers when playing Minecraft?

Answer: Yes. It can be difficult to move villagers over with the recent updates, and breeding does not work the way it used to.

Question: Should I make walls to defend it?

Answer: If you like! But remember to put torches along the top of the wall to prevent mobs from spawning up there.

Question: Do villages spawn on islands when playing Minecraft?

Answer: It's possible, as far as I know!

Question: How can I live like a villager in Minecraft?

Answer: In the latest update, villagers can all have different jobs. So you can pick one job - like farming, or fishing, etc - and practice that every day. Then you would go to sleep in your bed at night, wake up, and repeat!

Question: How do I assign a villager to a home in Minecraft?

Answer: You cannot assign a villager to a house - they will seek out a bed when night falls.

Question: I’ve found deserted Minecraft village and I was wondering if I can revive the village and bring the villagers back?

Answer: If you try to bring villagers from another village over, you may be able to revive it.

Question: How big can a village get in Minecraft?

Answer: As big as you make it!

Question: Can you lead villagers with a lead while playing Minecraft?

Answer: Not as far as I know, no.


Bacon on February 12, 2020:

In the new update pillager patrols cant spawn in villages does that count for these self made ones

Muffin on January 29, 2020:

You can spawn and Iron Golem

with four iron blocks and a pumpkin head

mehr on December 30, 2019:

Can you lure an Iron Golem to protect your own village?

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on August 20, 2019:

@Billie Thanks for reading, I'm glad you enjoyed it!

Billie Ellish on August 18, 2019:

When i was first starting off with music videos, I really liked minecraft, Thanks for the tutorial.

Logan Giesting on August 06, 2019:

I need help for the command of /locate new village’’ in Minecraft Pocket Edition, can you please.

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on January 16, 2018:

@Savanna Thank you for reading it!

Savanna Murphy on January 06, 2018:

I really like this guide and thank you

Wade Wheaton on November 19, 2017:

Didn’t understand sorry I’m wade wheaton’s Child

Dan on July 03, 2017:

Very good article! Thanks! I found a village that has been completely killed by zombies. All the doors are gone and the place is empty. I put in new doors, but I guess you are saying that won't help anymore? Maybe I can steal some villagers from another village that isn't too far, but I don't want to destroy that village to do it. For the rail method, how do you load and unload villagers in the carts?

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on August 21, 2016:

@JoeMama I found a mushroom biome, spawned in a couple villagers, but have had no luck breeding them. I'm guessing that they cannot actually spawn in this biome. Let me know if you have better results, though!

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on August 21, 2016:

@JoeMama The last I knew, Mooshrooms were the only mob that spawned in mushroom biomes in vanilla Minecraft. I have yet to try breeding villagers on a mushroom island, so I don't know if it works. I'll come back and update if I discover more.

Joe Mama on August 21, 2016:

Can villagers spawn in mushroom biomes? I'm building an artificial village in one. I know that monsters don't spawn in mushroom biomes, so that's why I'm asking.

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on June 14, 2016:

@ChasChas I know there is a mod called Morph that enables you to morph into any mob you kill. So if you killed a villager, you could morph into one.

ChasChas on June 11, 2016:

This is great! I have a question- do you know how to become a villager on minecraft? I'd really like to know.

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on February 24, 2015:

@Pantaleimona: I don't actually believe building according to village blueprints will help a villager identify a structure as a library, butcher, etc. At least, nothing has come up in research. I am sure if you breed enough times, you have a chance of getting specific villagers, but they might not recognize the village buildings. I will give it go, though, and let you know what I find!

Also, villager breeding has changed a bit since recently: "as of Minecraft 1.8, villagers will now only breed when willing. Villagers become willing when they are traded with; normal trading awards 3-6 experience, while making a villagers willing yields 8-11 experience. Once a baby villager is born, the parents lose their willingness, and trading must be started all over again."

Pantaleimona on February 23, 2015:

Thank you so much for this really helpful article. I am building an NPC village on a Realms server atm. Can you please tell me, will the NPCs "recognize" the structures I have built (Butcher, Library, etc.) only if I follow the traditional village blueprints? Or are there other identifiers that can be used by way of interior decorations?

jjggg on October 12, 2014:

thanks a lot!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on October 11, 2014:

Thanks! Already built villages are cool too, less work involved. And as far as I know, this method still works and kicks in pretty quick.

Kurt Covaine on October 11, 2014:

Nice Work :D

i always go in creative mode just to find already built village, because i don't know how to make then :/

now i can :D

i want to play with NPC, so that i don't feel a little lonely haha

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on October 10, 2014:

Thank you for reading, and glad you think so!

Aaron Burton from US on October 10, 2014:

Very cool!

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on August 24, 2014:

@SimilarSam: Thanks! I had to make my own village in a few Minecraft worlds because I couldn't find any for the life of me.

Samuel Franklin on August 23, 2014:

Great overview of villages in Minecraft, I'm a fan of always doing the best to defend them in the first place but unfortunately zombies always sneak in somehow.

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on June 17, 2014:

Thanks for reading!

Rodric Anthony Johnson from Surprise, Arizona on June 17, 2014:

thanks for the tips

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on November 13, 2013:

Glad I could help!

JASSEN ASH on November 12, 2013:

Very helpful

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on September 25, 2013:

I don't remember exactly. It usually takes me a day to outline and research what I want to include in the hub, and another day to flesh it out and take my screenshots. Thanks for your feedback and the link back. You're super kind.

Skyler Parker from Idaho Falls, ID on September 24, 2013:

This is an awesome hub. Definitely adding a link back to my hub here:

About how long did it take you to write this hub?

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on June 07, 2013:

Thank you so much! I was playing with my boyfriend on a world where our home wasn't near a village. I found out you could make your own, and it is incredibly easy to do. I'm glad you loved my hub so much!

John Roberts from South Yorkshire, England on June 07, 2013:

I must say this is a fantastic guide! I tend to go on Creative Mode and have villages already made for me, but I think by playing the game how it should be, this will add so much more fun! Voted up, useful, interesting, awesome and funny! Keep up the good work, and I might consider subscribing!

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on May 18, 2013:

Thanks for the feedback! It can be very addicting, though too much of it at a time usually wears me out until I need a break anyway.

Alison Graham from UK on May 18, 2013:

Your guide is fascinating and definitely makes me want to play the game - I just know though that if I ever got started, I would be playing Minecraft instead of working! Voted up as a great read though!

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on May 17, 2013:

Thanks! I'm glad you think so.

summerberrie on May 17, 2013:

This is soooo cool. A really neat guide.

Jessica Peri (author) from United States on May 16, 2013:

Thanks for reading!

johnbwilkins from Sweden on May 16, 2013:

Odd, but nice guide!


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